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What to Expect From Electric Vehicle Charger Installation

If you’re a homeowner or business owner who’d like to test the waters of electric vehicle (EV) charger installation, you’re not alone. The automotive industry is making a drastic shift toward EVs, driven by a collective effort to reduce carbon emissions and embrace sustainable transportation.

Should I Invest in Electric Vehicle Charger Installation?

As EVs rise in popularity, so does the demand for affordable EV charging solutions. It’s estimated that EVs will represent up to 53% of new passenger cars sold by the year 2030, and the U.S. will need 28 million charging ports to meet this demand. Further, private charging stations will increase to 95% of total chargers. In other words, private entities like homeowners or business owners play a critical role in expanding EV infrastructure.

Below, we review everything that buyers can expect as they plan an electric vehicle charger installation project, from charging options to pre-project planning to which advanced electric updates may be required.

What Are the Top EV Charging Options?

As most of us know, EV chargers supply electric energy to plug-in electric vehicles. Each of the various types offers different charging speeds and capabilities. A home EV charger allows EV owners to reduce reliance on public charging stations. 

For businesses, commercial EV charger installation is more a question of business practicality. EV chargers can act as a source of revenue, and they indicate a business’s commitment to sustainability, but installation costs are higher than for home chargers.

Of course, any benefits depend on access to the right type of EV charger. There are three types of EV charging options currently available:

  • Level 1 Chargers: These chargers use a standard 120-volt household outlet and are the slowest of the three. They are suitable for situations where charging time is not a concern since it can take up to 30 hours to fully charge an EV battery.
  • Level 2 Chargers: These chargers use a 240-volt circuit, akin to those used for large appliances like clothes dryers. They are faster than Level 1 chargers and are ideal for home use; they can fully charge most EV batteries overnight.
  • Level 3 (DC Fast Chargers): These chargers provide the fastest charging speeds and are typically found at public charging stations. They can recharge an EV to 80% in as little as 30 minutes, which makes them ideal for long-distance travel. However, because of their construction and power demands, they are not suitable for residential installation.

Benefits of Having Your Own Charging Station

Particularly for homeowners, personal EV chargers offer several benefits over public ones. These include:

  • Convenience: It’s impractical for homeowners to rely on public charging infrastructure, which can be crowded or located far from home. An upgraded Level 2 charger in your garage or driveway eliminates the need to plan trips around charging stops and allows you to charge your vehicle fully each day.
  • Cost Savings: While it will cost something to install a residential EV charging station, it will cost less in the long-term in light of fees at public charging stations. Your utility company may even offer discounted electricity rates for EV charging during off-peak hours.
  • Faster Charging Times: A Level 2 charging station in your home is faster than standard Level 1 chargers, so you can charge your EV to the max each day.
  • Reliability: Public charging stations can be outdated, poorly maintained, or out of service. Your at-home station will leave your EV ready to go when you need it.
  • Environmental Benefits: If you use a renewable energy source such as solar, this will reduce your carbon output. By using clean energy to power your EV, you can contribute to a cleaner environment.

Hardware Required for Electric Vehicle Charger Installation

Electric vehicle charger installation requires several essential components. From the charging unit itself to the necessary wiring and integration with your home’s electrical system, each component plays a role in the functionality of your charging station. Here’s an overview of what hardware will be required for a typical electric vehicle charger installation:

Charging Unit

The charging unit, known as the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE), is the primary component that converts AC power from your home’s electrical system into DC power that charges the vehicle battery. 

Wiring and Electrical Components

Proper wiring is essential for any electrical project, including electric vehicle chargers. Electrical wiring connects the charging unit to your home’s electrical panel and any additional components such as circuit breakers, fuses, and wiring conduits. The wiring must be the proper size and able to handle the electrical load for charging your EV. It represents some of the most critical aspects of your installation.

Electrical Panel Upgrade

Depending on your home’s electrical system and the power requirements of your EV charger, you may need to upgrade your electrical panel to accommodate the additional load. This may include a new circuit breaker or an existing wiring upgrade to support the higher power requirements of the charger.

Mounting & Grounding Hardware

Mounting hardware attaches the charging unit to a wall or mounting surface. The correct mounting hardware is based on the weight and size of the charging unit as well as the type of mounting surface.

This includes proper grounding, which is essential for the safe operation of your charging station. Your electrician will ground the charging unit itself and make sure that your home’s electrical system is properly grounded.

Integration with Home Automation Systems

Some EV charging units offer integration with home automation systems. These allow you to monitor and control your charging station remotely. This may require additional hardware such as a home automation hub or compatible smart device.

Safety Equipment

Safety equipment such as surge protectors, ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs), and other safety devices may be required to protect your EV charging station. These protect against electrical hazards. Your electrical services provider will help you determine which additional safety measures may be required. 

What to Expect During Your Electric Vehicle Charger Installation

Installation of a residential EV charging station is a straightforward process that involves several steps. While certain considerations differ for commercial installations (such as how many chargers to include, pricing for electricity, and optimal locations), the overall process is largely the same from a planning perspective. Here’s what you can expect during your installation:

  1. Choose a Qualified Electrician: Be sure to work only with qualified electricians who have installed EV charging stations. Local electricians should be familiar with the local building codes that exist in Maryland. Weisman Electric’s team of skilled electricians has the expertise to handle all aspects of your EV charging station installation.
  2. Project Planning: Before the installation begins, a project plan will outline the scope of work, timeline, and budget. This plan will be tailored to your home requirements and the capabilities of your electrical service provider.
  3. Discuss Home Needs: During the planning phase, the electricians will assess your home’s electrical system to determine the best location for the charging station and any upgrades that may be needed.
  4. Potential Wiring Improvements: Depending on your home’s electrical system, wiring upgrades may be needed to support the charging station. These could include your electrical panel, additional dedicated circuits, or making sure that the wiring meets the specifications for your specific charging station.
  5. Project Timelines: The timeline for your installation will depend on several factors, including the complexity of the installation, the availability of materials, and the scheduling of the electricians. Your project plan will outline the expected timeline for the installation and when you can begin charging.
  6. Installation Process: During the installation process, your electrician will mount the charging station, connect it to your home’s electrical system, and test the system. He or she will try to minimize disruption to your home and will clean up afterward.
  7. Final Inspection: Once the installation is complete, a final inspection will ensure that the charging station meets all safety and regulatory requirements. The electricians will coordinate this inspection and address any issues that may arise.
  8. Training and Support: After the installation, your electrician will teach you how to use the charging station and answer any questions. He or she will provide ongoing support so that your charging station continues to operate smoothly.

Choose Weisman Electric for Your Electric Vehicle Charger Installation

Take the convenience and sustainability of your electric vehicle to the next level with Weisman Electric’s top-notch EV charging station services. Our team of skilled electricians install, maintain, and repair EV charging stations so that you have a hassle-free charging experience right at home or in a business setting. Contact us today for a consultation and let us help you power up your electric vehicle with our premium EV charging services.